Troodos Mountains, Troodos

#1 of 10 in Things to do in Troodos
Troodos is the largest mountain range in Cyprus, located in roughly the center of the island. Troodos' highest peak is Mount Olympus - also known as Chionistra (Όλυμπος or Χιονίστρα) - at 1,952 meters, which hosts four ski slopes.The Troodos mountain range stretches across most of the western side of Cyprus. There are many famous mountain resorts, Byzantine monasteries and churches on mountain peaks, and nestling in its valleys and mountains are villages clinging to terraced hill slopes. The area has been known since antiquity for its mines, which for centuries supplied copper to the entire Mediterranean. In the Byzantine period it became a centre of Byzantine art, as churches and monasteries were built in the mountains, away from the threatened coastline. The mountains are also home to RAF Troodos, a listening post for the NSA and GCHQ.The name Troodos probably comes from one of two sources: either 'tria odos', referring to the three roads that lead to the mountain, or 'To-oro-ados', meaning the mountains of Adonis.Geology of TroodosThe Troodos mountains are known worldwide for their geology and the presence of an undisturbed ophiolite sequence, the Troodos Ophiolite. These mountains slowly rose from the sea due to the collision of the African and European tectonic plates, a process that eventually formed the island of Cyprus. The slowing and near-cessation of this process left the rock formations near intact, while subsequent erosion uncovered the magma chamber underneath the mountain, allowing a viewing of intact rocks and petrified pillow lava formed millions of years ago, an excellent example of ophiolite stratigraphy. The observations of the Troodos ophiolite by Ian Graham Gass and co-workers was one of the key points that led to the theory of sea floor spreading.
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  • Well worth the long trip from Pathos Great roads even by smaller roads Across country from Pathos Great food at hotel restaurant at top Take warm clothing we had 11degrees When it was 23 degrees in Pa...  more »
  • You don't have to have a specific destination, you can simply drive through the mountain roads and enjoy the view. Trodos is a very nice area, very different while comparing with other villages/cities...  more »
  • Troops is the largest mountains range in cyprus.located in the centre of the island.highest peak is mount of the beautiful place in the Island.summer time most of the locals also visit near by villages for spend the holidays.
  • Amazing place! Especially in the winter, when the snow is everywhere, it's magical! I just love it!
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